Water is a very important resource in everyday life. From sustaining human life to industrial applications. When it comes to your garden, water is a heavily used resource. That’s why you need to think carefully while modifying your garden. You can search for “landscape companies near me” and get professional help for changing the garden or your landscape. Let’s check out the importance of water for your garden.
- Transpiration – Think of transpiration as plants’ version of sweating. While plants absorb a lot of water throughout the day, they also lose plenty of it. Plants lose water to the atmosphere via their leaves and this process is known as transpiration. It’s similar to how you lose water through your skin. Similar to sweat pores on human skin, plants have tiny pores on their leaves called stomata.
Stomata are used for both absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and releasing oxygen and water into the air. Plants need to be at a certain temperature to function properly and be alive. They lose water through the stomata to regulate their temperature and achieve a cooling effect. If plant cells get too hot, they may start dying.
- Photosynthesis – Photosynthesis is the process by which plants manufacture their own food. Apart from carbon dioxide and sunlight, they also use water to create carbohydrates that are used as energy. If your garden plants don’t get enough water, they won’t have enough food for sustained growth and may even start dying.
- Nutrient distribution – Plants absorb nutrients from the soil. They suck nutrients from the ground along with water. These nutrients are necessary for growing and developing leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, and stems. All those nutrients get distributed throughout the plant via veins and other tubular structures.
Without enough water, the plant would have limited fluids for nutrient distribution and have stunted growth. It’s similar to how nutrients get distributed throughout the human body via blood and dehydration can lead to severe health risks. Since water is so important for the plants in your garden, let’s check out how you can use it more efficiently in your garden.
- Make the soil retain as much water as possible – To help the soil retain more moisture you need to change and improve its structure. You can do that by adding organic matter. Water also escapes the soil quickly during a dry spell and on very hot days. You can prevent that by mulching your garden beds.
Make sure to spread organic mulch around the base of the tree to prevent moisture loss. You can also go the extra mile and mix in water-retentive gel or granules into the compost. This increases the soil’s water retention capability by a huge margin.
- Check the amount of water – Depending on the soil type you need to optimize the amount of water that goes into the soil. For instance, if you have heavy clay-based soil, watering less frequently is perfectly fine since it can retain most of the water at the root level. On the other hand, if you have loose sandy soil, it needs to be watered more often.
The rule of thumb is to add just over 5 gallons of water every 10 square feet so that your plants can grow without any hindrance. This needs to be done consistently for at least 10 days during the growing season.
- Water at the right amount – While you can check the amount of water that goes into the soil for cutting down waste, watering at the wrong time can be detrimental to the growth of plants. It’s also wasted effort and time on your part. Use a thin metal stake and dig it into the soil a few inches deep. After you bring it out, check the soil. If it feels moist, then you don’t need to water it. On the other hand, if it appears dry and crumbly, you need to water it.
However, there are subtle nuances that need attention. If you’re new to gardening, you may not take the soil composition into account while you perform the test. For instance, even moist sandy soil can appear dry to a beginner while dry clay-heavy soil may seem moist. That’s why you also need to take cues from the garden plants. Check for darker than usual leaves, changing positions of leaves, and other signs of water stress.
You can also install smart irrigation systems that check the moisture level of the soil and waters accordingly. Usually, you can avoid water deficit by just watering your garden heavily and keeping high moisture levels in the soil before the drought hits. Moreover, when you’re watering plants, try to do it very early during dawn or during the evening, after dusk to minimize water evaporation from the soil.
- Use efficient watering techniques – There are several watering techniques that can help you increase your efficiency. For instance, sprinklers are bad for gardens since they can’t target specific areas. They are only useful for spreading water over a large area, usually for lawns and other green patches.
If automated irrigation systems are out of budget, you can use seep hoses that can be buried under the soil and seep water into it to avoid evaporation. However, they are ideal for heavy clay-based soils and not very useful for sandy soil. If you would like to go completely manual, make sure to use watering cans and garden hoses for watering below the leaves. This helps to protect the moist soil from the sun.
Water helps to sustain your garden, grow your veggies, and a lot more. It helps to make the food you eat and also helps plants in your garden to equally distribute resources. That’s why you must use it as efficiently as possible. You can do that by adopting the above-mentioned practices. If you need to modify your garden or your landscape, you can search for “landscape companies near me” and hire professionals for help.